Sunday, 6 December 2015
People ignore symptoms of diabetes due to lack of understanding. How our body tries to save itself when we ignore the symptoms of diabetes type II. If you have risk factors of diabetes and are experiencing any of these symptoms please have your blood tested for fasting blood sugar and HbA1c. HbA1c is a lab test which indicates average blood sugar of prior three month period.
Wednesday, 15 July 2015
People with schizophrenia may see or hear things that do not exist, speak in strange confusing ways, and believe that others are trying to harm them, or feel like they are being constantly watched. This can make it difficult to negotiate the activities of daily life and people with schizophrenia may withdraw from the outside world or act out in confusion and fear.
Schizophrenia comes on slowly, with subtle warning signs and a gradual decline in functioning long.
Paranoid schizophrenia is a lifelong illness, but with proper treatment, a person suffering from the illness can live a higher quality of life.
Schizophrenia can be successfully managed. The first step is to identify the signs and symptoms. The second step is to seek help without delay.
The common early warning symptoms of schizophrenia are as follow:
- Irrational statements
- Forgetful; unable to concentrate
- Strange use of words or way of speaking
- Social withdrawal
- Deterioration of personal hygiene
- Expressionless gaze
- Inappropriate laughter or crying
- Oversleeping or insomnia
- Extreme reaction to criticism
- Hallucinations : Hallucinations are false perceptions, inaccuracies that affect patient’s senses and cause him to hear, see, taste, touch or smell that are not real. Hallucinations are sounds or other sensations experienced as real but they exist only in their mind. While hallucinations can involve any of the five senses, auditory hallucinations (e.g. hearing voices or some other sound) are most common in schizophrenia. Visual hallucinations are also happen sometimes. Many times, the voices are those of someone they know. Hallucinations tend to be worse when the person is alone.
- Delusions : Delusions are false beliefs or misinterpretations of events and their significance. Likely, He may be awakened by noise from his neighbour’s apartment and may decide this is a planned attempt to interrupt his sleep. Delusions are extremely common in schizophrenia. These delusions involve illogical or bizarre ideas or fantasies. Common delusions of control include their inner-mind thought broadcasting (Their private thoughts are being transmitted to others), Thought Insertion (Someone is planting thoughts in their head) and thought withdrawal.
- Paranoia : Paranoia can also cause a person with schizophrenia to be suspicious of friends and family.
- Negative symptoms (absence of normal activities) : The negative symptoms of schizophrenia refer to the absence of normal behaviours found in healthy person. They have problems with motivation; lack of self-care. They get lack of interest in the world, apparent unawareness of the environment and finally social withdrawal.
- Disorganized Talking : Fragmented thinking is characteristic of schizophrenia. Externally, it can be observed in the way a person speaks. People with schizophrenia tend to have trouble concentrating. They may respond to queries with an unrelated answer, start sentences with one topic and end somewhere completely different, or say illogical things.
- Mood Disorders : Schizophrenia often involves changes in mood, including mania and depression.
- Aggressive Behaviour : This is not really a symptom of schizophrenia but when it does occur, it tends to occur in conjunction with delusions and hallucinations.
The symptoms of schizophrenia vary significantly from person to person, both in pattern and severity. Not every person with schizophrenia will have all symptoms, and the symptoms of schizophrenia may also change over time.
Causes of Schizophrenia
- Schizophrenia has strong hereditary component. Person with a first-degree relative (parent or sibling) who has schizophrenia have a 10 percent chance of developing the disorder.
- An imbalance of dopamine, a neurotransmitter, is involved in the onset of schizophrenia. This imbalance is most probably caused by your genes making you susceptible to the illness.
- Neurotransmitters are needed to pass messages between brain cells. An altered balance of these may cause the symptoms.
- Schizophrenia usually results from a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors.
Continuous signs of schizophrenia for at least 6 months, with active symptoms (hallucinations, delusions, etc.) for at least 1 month.
Treatments of Schizophrenia : The main medicines used to treat schizophrenia are called antipsychotics. They work by altering the balance of some brain chemicals. Antipsychotic medicines are much effective to control positive symptoms (hallucinations, delusions) but they do not work on negative symptoms (absence of normal activities).
Most people use one side of their brain for language and the other side for art or music or movement. It might be a good idea to concentrate on the other side and encourage patients to sing, draw, or play instrument, to exercise or dance.
Individuals with schizophrenia may gradually come to understand more about themselves and their problems. They can also learn to sort out the real from the unreal and distorted.
With the right treatment and support, a person with schizophrenia can lead a happy life.
Side Effects of Medicines :
- Some side effects of drugs are restlessness that begins after the patient is started on medication. This kind of restlessness usually appears as a shaking of the legs and hands. These movements are more difficult to control.
- Some people are not greatly helped by available treatments or may prematurely discontinue treatment because of unpleasant side effects.
- Weight gain may be a side-effect of antipsychotic medicines. All of these factors may lead to an increased chance of developing heart disease and diabetes in later life.
- Sometimes, it can be difficult to tell whether the symptoms are part of the development of schizophrenia or caused by something else like fake friends or addiction of social media.
- Auditory hallucinations that are unpleasant and may be cruel. Imagine sitting in your living room. You hear voices in the room, but no one else can hear them. You might hear one person’s voice or two or more people conversing. They may talk to you or about you amongst each other. They criticize you; cruelly poke fun at your real or perceived faults. Although, they are not real, but you are experiencing them as absolutely real.
- People with schizophrenia often have delusions of persecution, or false and irrational beliefs that they are being cheated, harassed, poisoned.
- Some people who experience delusions find different meanings in everyday events or occurrences. They may believe people on TV or in newspaper articles are communicating messages to them alone.
- Some people with schizophrenia appear to talk to themselves as they respond to the voices. They cannot distinguish what is real from what is unreal. The inner voices might describe activities taking place, discuss the person's thoughts and behaviour, give instructions, or talk directly to the person.
- People with schizophrenia may behave inappropriately or become extremely agitated and shout for no reason.
- Person with schizophrenia may believe that neighbours are spying on them with cameras in every room and delusions can be about anything.
- Sometime a person with schizophrenia may wear aluminium foil or try to hide himself in unknown store in the belief that it will stop one's thoughts from being broadcast and protect against malicious waves entering the brain.
- People with schizophrenia often do not realise or accept that they are ill. Therefore, some people are admitted to hospital for treatment against their will forcefully.
- Symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions usually start between ages 16 and 30. Men tend to experience symptoms earlier than women.
With medication and strong family support, many people with schizophrenia are able to control their symptoms, gain greater independence, and get happy lives.
Tuesday, 5 May 2015
Watch out easy to do hand walking on your hands by Amit Kaushik. (Physical Trainer, Uklana) (Voice : Hindi)
Hand walking is an unusual form of human locomotion in which a person travels in a vertically inverted orientation with all body weight resting on the hands.
When walking on the hands, you do not have to rely on your hands or arms so much for balance as you can just ‘fall’ in a direction and catch yourself with a step of the hands.
Walking on your hands is the logical next move after you have learned to do a handstand.
It certainly demonstrates ones strength, flexibility and agility. This activity is often seen in acrobatics, gymnastics and the circus.
While hand walking, you need to maintain control while you walk and not rely on catching yourself from falling out of balance.
Because the body is inverted during hand walking, blood pressure in the brain is greater than normal.
You have to choose a roomy location with a soft, flat surface. A park, garden, or gym mat would work well for this exercise. Be sure to allow yourself enough space to perform the move; you need more room than you would for a simple handstand. It can help to have a sturdy wall nearby you can practice walking next to.
This skill requires great strength of the hands, forearms and upper body.
Before you start walking on your hands, you need to learn how to balance in place and gain control over your movements. Keep practicing your handstand until you are able to easily move into position
Easy Steps for Hand Walking
- First practice by doing push ups in various positions including in a handstand.
- Practice the handstand against the wall - get confident and also build up your strength.
- Hold Position : Keep your legs straight up and balance yourself. Hold your legs together for balance and steadiness. Once you’re feeling comfortable, allow your spotter to let go.
- Then try your hand walking. You may need to practice your balance but walking on your hands actually helps with the balance.
- Roll out when you are finished : Bend your legs back down from the waist and plant your feet on the ground.
- As you start moving around, you will need to constantly adjust your legs and torso to stay balanced. If you start to tip back in the direction of your stomach, move your legs more over your head.
- The goal is to find your sweet spot, which means to center your body's weight as directly over your hands as possible.
- Try to keep your hands directly under your feet at all times. When trying to walk forwards, tilt your body forwards slightly and then move your hands to be underneath your body, and repeat.
Walking is one of the simplest, cheapest and safest forms of exercise, offering a number of important health gains. The beneficial effect of walking can be improved if we do walking on your hands (or hand standing) for few minutes.
- It will help to improve muscular strength and endurance of the both the upper and lower body.
- During hand walking, you are able to strengthen the muscles in your arms and tone your legs
- While walking on hands can increase energy expenditure and improve our circulatory systems. This increased energy expenditure can help you burn more calories.
Interesting Record : Johann Hurlinger was an Austrian man who walked on his hands from Paris toVienna in 1900. Hurlinger walked on his hands 10 hours a day for 55 days. He averaged 1.58 miles per hour and traversed 870 miles.